查看状态

show variables like '%log_output%';
show variables like 'slow_query%';
show variables like 'long_query_time';
show variables like 'log_queries_not_using_indexes';
select * from mysql.slow_log;

临时修改配置

set global log_output='FILE';
set global slow_query_log='ON';
set global slow_query_log_file='/var/lib/mysql/instance-1-slow.log';
set global long_query_time=0.5;

写入配置文件FILE或者数据表TABLE

/etc/mysql/conf.d/mysql.cnf
[mysqld]
slow_query_log = ON
slow_query_log_file = /var/lib/mysql/instance-1-slow.log
long_query_time = 2
log_queries_not_using_indexes = ON
log_output='FILE'
mysqldumpslow --help
Usage: mysqldumpslow [ OPTS... ] [ LOGS... ]
 
Parse and summarize the MySQL slow query log. Options are
 
  --verbose    verbose
  --debug      debug
  --help       write this text to standard output
 
  -v           verbose
  -d           debug
  -s ORDER     what to sort by (al, at, ar, c, l, r, t), 'at' is default
                al: average lock time
                ar: average rows sent
                at: average query time
                 c: count
                 l: lock time
                 r: rows sent
                 t: query time  
  -r           reverse the sort order (largest last instead of first)
  -t NUM       just show the top n queries
  -a           don't abstract all numbers to N and strings to 'S'
  -n NUM       abstract numbers with at least n digits within names
  -g PATTERN   grep: only consider stmts that include this string
  -h HOSTNAME  hostname of db server for *-slow.log filename (can be wildcard),
               default is '*', i.e. match all
  -i NAME      name of server instance (if using mysql.server startup script)
  -l           don't subtract lock time from total time


-s, 是表示按照何种方式排序,

c: 访问计数
l: 锁定时间
r: 返回记录
t: 查询时间
al:平均锁定时间
ar:平均返回记录数
at:平均查询时间

-t, 是top n的意思,即为返回前面多少条的数据;

-g, 后边可以写一个正则匹配模式,大小写不敏感的;

得到返回记录集最多的10个SQL。
mysqldumpslow -s r -t 10 /database/mysql/mysql06_slow.log

得到访问次数最多的10个SQL
mysqldumpslow -s c -t 10 /database/mysql/mysql06_slow.log

得到按照时间排序的前10条里面含有左连接的查询语句。
mysqldumpslow -s t -t 10 -g “left join” /database/mysql/mysql06_slow.log

另外建议在使用这些命令时结合 | 和more 使用 ,否则有可能出现刷屏的情况。
mysqldumpslow -s r -t 20 /mysqldata/mysql/mysql06-slow.log | more

标签: none

添加新评论